Risk Assessment and Hazard Ranking of Primary Schools in Khorramabad with the Approach of Explaining Preventive Measures


International Journal of Public Health & Safety: Background and Aim: Identifying hazards and risk assessment in schools is an effective and practical measure to prevent accidents and injuries to primary student’s school. Methods: In this study, after identifying the activities, by visiting, observing and interviewing the responsible persons and primary school students in Khorramabad, potential risks using FMEA method were identified and risk assessment was considered, taking into account the severity of the effect, the probability of occurrence. Consequences and the level of exposure to risks were done and then risk rating was determined using TOPSIS decision method. Results: In the present study, the total rank of safety and health risks of schools in different levels H, M and L respectively 4, 60 and 100 and in the results of environmental aspects assessment in different levels H, M and L, respectively. 12, 48 and 75 and in TOPSIS technique the special score was 0.8314, Also, the highest decision matrix for safety risks is related to the lack of strength of school buildings. Discussion and Conclusion: Based on the results of the present study, most schools had moderate and similar status in terms of safety and health status and environmental aspects. Water consumption management was in schools, this issue requires more attention and accuracy in order to improve and enhance safety, health and environment